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Grammar


How to describe a vacation and a football game



Hi! I came back from vacation two day ago.  I was in Crete, Greece. What a nice island! What the weather was there? What the seawater: cold or warm? We need to use many adjectives to describe our vacation. Read this post and you will know How to describe a vacation and a football game.     Adjectives are words that describe objects, i.e. indicate objects’ characteristics and attributes. The adjective answers a question: “«какой?» ,”What kind?” or “Which one?” (see below). An adjective’s grammar form is always identical to that of a noun it characterizes, in other words, the adjective always has the same gender, number and case, as the noun: краси́вый дом – a nice home краси́вая де́вушка – a beautiful… | Read more

Russian nouns



Russians nouns are animate or inanimate. Имена существительные являются либо одушевлёнными, либо неодушевлёнными. As a general rule, “animate” and “inanimate” coincide with common perceptions of alive and not alive. In this case, the subject of a lively apparently understood the subject, capable of independent moving, capable of acting by himself. Как правило  “одушевлённый” и “неодушевлённый” совпадают с бытовыми представлениями о живом и неживом. При этом, под живым предметом, по-видимому,… | Read more

To be or not to be? The Russian verb TO BE – БЫТЬ



verb БЫТЬ
I am= Я ЕСТЬ  The Russian verb TO BE БЫТЬ The most important verb in every language is the verb that expresses the essence of being “to be”. The verb to be БЫТЬ in the Russian language has two basic meanings: 1. To exist, to appear, to be (classification of the object or person). Dr. Ivanov is a good specialist. Maria is a student. We drop the word ЕСТЬ ( is a the present tense of the verb БЫТЬ) in talking. The style of the book uses the verb ЯВЛЯТЬСЯ. Доктор Иванов является лучшим хирургом (surgeon) в нашем городе. Русский глагол БЫТЬ Cамый важный глагол в каждом языке-это глагол который… | Read more

Perfective verbs in Russian language



Verbs the Perfect Aspect
Я всё-таки написа́ла э́ту статью́! 🙂 When we use the Perfective verbs in Russian language? You now five cases of  the Imperfective verbs from the article Imperfective verbs in Russian language  . We easy can get the past tense of imperfective verb, if we will drop -ТЬ of Infinitive and will add instead of it  -Л, -ЛА, -ЛО, -ЛИ. We know that perfective verbs do not have a present tense ( look here: Perfective and Imperfective Russian verbs). Perfective verbs usually are formed by adding prefixes  or suffixes to Imperfective form. В каких случаях русские используют глаголы совершенного вида? В статье Imperfective verbs in… | Read more

Imperfective verbs in Russian language



Imperfective verbs in Russian
We continue the theme of the perfective and imperfective verbs in Russian. Tenses forms of Russian verbs do not match to different tenses forms of verbs in the English language. Временны́е формы русских глаголов не соответствуют различным временны́м формам глаголов в английском языке. Where we use the imperfective verbs in Russian, there  English language use different forms of the verb “To be, to use, to have”. Там, где мы используем глагол несовершенного вида (НСВ), в английском языке употребляются разные формы глаголoв… | Read more

Possessive pronouns in Russian language



possessive pronouns
Possessive pronouns Possessive pronouns indicate which person belongs to a given object. They answer the questions: Чей? Чья? Чьё? Чьи? Whose?  Possessive pronouns МОЙ my, ТВОЙ your, НАШ our, ВАШ your, point to belonging to the first (МОЙ, НАШ) and second person (ТВОЙ, ВАШ) and vary by gender, a number and a case. Gender and number and a case of possessive pronouns is determined by the noun to which they belong. Притяжательные местоимения указывают на лицо, которому принадлежит  данный объект. Они отвечают на вопросы : Чей? Чья? Чьё? Чьи? Указательные местоимения … | Read more